When it comes to using products on the face, it is always better to do so at spaced intervals, allowing skin some time to breathe in between. That is why it is very important to split the daily skincare routine into a daytime and night-time routine.

A daytime skincare routine should be focused on preventing the damage caused on the skin due to exposure to pollution and UV rays while the nighttime skincare routine should be mainly focusing on repairing the damage and allowing the skin to recover and rejuvenate while you sleep. Both routines need to include essential steps like cleansing, moisturizing and more.

For oily skin

woman wearing mud or clay mask

What makes your skin so oily?

The answer to no surprise is overactive sebaceous glands producing excess oil or sebum than needed. Although sebum keeps the skin healthy and hydrated, excess of it can clog the pores and making the skin oily and prone to a number of skin problems. Genetics, hormonal imbalance, stress, poor diet, environmental changes, overuse of cosmetics, and certain medications also make oily skin prone to several skin issues.

We have come up with a routine you can use in the morning and evening to keep your oily skin healthy, clear, and shine-free.

Daytime Skincare regime for oily skin

Cleansing the skin: Even though you might feel like your skin is clean from the night before but during the night your skin is busy shedding skin cells and producing oils. That’s why washing with a good mild cleanser, both in the morning and evening, is recommended. This helps clear away excess oil and dead skin to prevent buildup in the pores. 

Exfoliating the right way: Exfoliate skin occasionally to get rid of the dead skin cells and excess dirt that may cause build-ups. But remember not to be too harsh on the skin even though you might feel tempted to scrub off the oil vigorously, it can strip off natural oils.

Use a toner: Once your skin is clean and free from any excess oil, makeup, and dirt, follow a toner to prevent excess oil secretion. It makes pores appear small, and restores the pH balance of the skin, thus keeping moisturized throughout the day. 

A water-based, alcohol-free toner is best suited for oily skin since it does not dry out the skin completely or cause irritation. 

 Now don’t forget the moisturizer: Just because it is oily skin, doesn’t mean one can skip moisturizers and creams completely. Moisturizing is important irrespective of the skin type. But oily skin does require little research in picking the right moisturizer so that skin stays hydrated but does not appear to be greasy.

How to choose a moisturizer for oily skin?

Go with the ones that contain humectants, like Hyaluronic Acid or Glycerine, which absorb and retain moisture from deeper layers of the skin. A non-silicon, oil-free moisturizer would work best in hydrating the skin from within without having the oil glands work too often. 

Sunscreen to the rescue: Stepping outside without wearing sunscreen can lead to wrinkles and pigmentation and the problems are likely to be severe if it is oily skin. You may even try some simple home remedies for hyperpigmentation.

Non-comedogenic, water-based and Mineral-based sunscreen with SPF 30 sunscreens are the best for oily skin as they don’t clog pores.

Use mask: Facemasks have countless benefits, from re-energizing the face to sustaining it. The ones best suited for this particular skin type are. 

Mud packs, clay packs, and Charcoal clay masks are best suited for oily skin as they absorb extra oil from the pores. However, keeping on the mask for too long and using it too often can make skin really dry. Wearing a facemask for about 5 minutes should be the idea and follow up with a moisturizer.

Some homemade face masks can also be used. Here are some suggestions:

1.1 Aloe Vera face pack

Scrape out Aloe Vera gel in a bowl and mix it with some cucumber juice. Apply the paste gently on the face. Leave it for about 15 minutes and wash it off with cool water.

1.2 Multani mitti (Fuller’s Earth) face pack

Mix a spoon of Multani mitti with rose water in a bowl. You might want to add some lemon juice to it and apply it to your face as a mask. Again it is to stay for 7-10 minutes and then wash with normal water. 

Nighttime skincare routine for oily skin

Perform usual cleansing, toning, and moisturizing. Use a lightweight serum, and finish off using a night cream or gel. Alternatively, you can apply aloe vera night cream and leave it overnight to get absorbed into the skin. Wash it off in the morning and get smooth healthy skin.  

Dry skin

What makes your skin so dry?

There are several causes of dry skin including environmental changes, hard water, genetics, excessive washing, exposure to irritants, medical conditions, like hypothyroidism or diabetes. Dry skin may be due to a vitamin B deficiency. Talk with your healthcare professional about taking a vitamin B complex supplement if you have a deficiency.

person holding essential oil glass bottle

Daytime skincare routine for oily skin

Cleansing: It is recommended to use an emollient facial cleanser that will wash off any build-ups on the face. It is very important to choose a product that is gentle and doesn’t strip off the natural oils of the skin. So opt for a hydrating cleanser because you want a cleanser to remove dirt and oil without disrupting the outer skin layer.

Toner: After using a cleansing lotion apply toner and be sure to pick a toner that is not packed with exfoliating acids. Look for an alcohol-free toner with active ingredients that help restore the pH levels of the skin. You can pat the toner onto the face with a clean cotton ball right by washing your face using a facial cleanser. 

Antioxidant Serum: A serum packed with the correct antioxidants can have umpteen benefits for the skin. Hyaluronic acid in serums is known to lock in the moisture while Vitamin B3 and peptides help boost the production of collagen (a protein that makes your skin look soft). Using a serum fitted with these antioxidants will make your skin look brighter, clear inflammation, and prevent aging.

Not skipping on Moisturizer: For dry skin, it is recommended you use a moisturizer that is in the form of soft cream. Avoid products that might clog your pores. Coconut oil is an emollient that can be used on sensitive areas, like the under-eyes, and around the mouth. 

Sun Protection: Once you moisturize the skin, it is time to layer it up with sun protection. Go for a sunscreen having at least SPF 30. Also, sun protection never stops with just applying sunscreen. Avoid sun exposure as much as possible.

Do Not Use Hot Water: Hot water can dry out your skin further and cause irritation. So use lukewarm water instead. And avoid exfoliating dry skin too often, once a month should serve the purpose. 

Night Skin Care Routine For Dry Skin

There isn’t much difference between daytime and nighttime routines for dry skin. It is simple, use a cleansing lotion, toner, and moisturizer. Let skin rejuvenate itself!

Sensitive skin

It’s important to determine whether or not you actually have sensitive skin. Other skin types are pretty much black and white, but sensitive skin can be trickier to nail down since there isn’t a definitive checklist that dermatologists use to define sensitive skin. 

Here we have listed down some ways to check whether your skin is sensitive or not:

  • Notice soon after washing your face. Is your skin feeling tight or uncomfortable?
  • Are you getting red spots and rashes more often than others?
  • Is your skin getting burnt or tanned easily even if you are out in the sun for a short time?
  • Is your skin feeling uncomfortable with most of the cosmetics?
  • Does your skin react adversely to chemical and artificial colored cosmetics?
  • Are you suffering from premature wrinkles and fine lines?
  • Is your skin itchy or prone to flaky dry patches?

If your answer is ‘yes‘ for most of the questions, then no doubt your skin is sensitive.

photo of woman's face reflection showing different types of skin for eg combination, dry, oily

Now let us see what practices can be followed for taking care of the skin:

Cleansing: When it comes to sensitive skin, it’s better to stay away from foaming cleansers. Instead, opt for micellar water, a gentler and no-rinse cleansing option powered by tiny micelles of oil molecules that act as a magnet to lift dirt, oil, and makeup up and away from the skin.

Not missing on moisturizer: While you may not want to layer on extra skincare products if you have sensitive skin, skipping out on moisturizer should never be the option. 

Shower in lukewarm water: Super-hot showers might feel good at the moment, but hot water can add to the dryness and cause irritation because it can strip skin of essential oils. Instead, go for lukewarm water. Use a gentler face wash that’s free of fragrance. 

Take care of your eyes: Skin around the eyes is more sensitive compared to the rest of the face. Therefore, it becomes even more important to use good quality eye creams and cleansers.

Combination skin:

Combination skin is normal, just like any other skin type, the difference is that combination skin is oily in some places and dry in others. It’s genetically predetermined usually, but it may change with hormonal and seasonal shifts. There’s no set formula for combination skin. However, it usually refers to oiliness in the T-zone and dryness on the cheeks.

woman in combination skin texture
Source: Unsplash

Day Routine for combination skin

Cleanser: It’s vital to remove any grime and sweat buildup that occurs overnight. 

Toner: Toner helps to remove any oil that the cleanser didn’t and balances the skin’s pH levels. Note to grab an alcohol-free toner.

Serum: Serums help in the hydration and protection of your skin. It’s best to opt for a serum with hyaluronic acid.

Moisturizer: With combination skin, have two moisturizers. For dry areas, choose a creamy formula. For oily parts, choose a lightweight, water-based formula or you can use them on alternate days. 

Sunscreen: Choose a lightweight formula with at least SPF 30.

Night Skin Care Routine for combination Skin

It can be used as a combination of dry skin and oily skin night care routine and allow your skin skin to replenish on its own. 

More Skin Care Tips:

Eye Cream: An eye cream that specifically targets the gentle skin around the eyes is a great way to get rid of problems such as dark circles and puffy eyes. Go for an eye cream with anti-aging properties which will minimize dark circles and lines. You can also look for brightening ingredients such as Vitamin C to reverse hyperpigmentation under the eye. Keep a note to pick an eye cream that is designed to be applied at night. 

TLC: The skin needs more than just normal typical skincare, it needs treatment, love, and care. Studies closely link stress to conditions associated with the skin. So try meditating and get adequate sleep. It is very important to check your diet. Healthy eating habits flush out toxins and give you glowing skin. Drink lots of water and fresh juices to keep your skin hydrated. Use facial wipes to pat on the skin instead of using harsh towels. Some foods may react adversely to your skin and increase sensitivity. Analyze and avoid them. 

woman doing yoga meditation on brown parquet flooring


Q1: What is the best skincare routine?

Ans: This is the best skin routine for every skin:

  1. Wash your face. 
  2. Apply toner.
  3. Apply serum.
  4. Moisturize.
  5. Apply Sunscreen

Q2: How can I fix uneven skin tone?

Ans: Uneven skin tone is a result of uneven distribution of pigment on the skin. It can also be caused by extreme exposure to the sun and hormonal changes. Exfoliating skin can help in getting rid of uneven skin tone. Serums and creams that contain vitamin C help also help to even skin tone. 

Q3: How do I find out my skin type?

Ans: Typically human skin is classified into; normal, oily, dry, combination, and sensitive skin. The ideal way of understanding your skin type can be to wash it gently and leave it for some hours without using any product to observe your skin.

But over time your skin texture and type can change as a result of exposure to a lot of factors such as lifestyle, hormones, and diet. 

Q4: Why is it important to use a moisturizer?

Ans: A good moisturizer helps prevent and heal dry skin, it helps in improving the skin texture. Overall it keeps the skin hydrated and makes it healthy and glowing.

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